Significance of Fasting in Religions Around The World

Live Well Diary Team

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fasting in religions - Buddhism

Fasting has been part of many religions and cultures for thousands of years.

Regardless of the reasons, there are various reasons why fasting has been an essential part of humanity. Many religions around the world incorporate it into their worship. Some do this more strictly than others.

It’s been used as a form of penance, self-purification, or to show reverence for God or religious figures.

We will explore what fasting means for believers in various religions – including Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism and Islam.

What is fasting?

The word “fast” comes from an old English meaning “to abstain from food.”

Fasting is a way of abstaining from food or drink. It can be done for spiritual reasons, such as to cleanse the body or mind.

Fasting can be practised in many ways. Some people eat only one meal daily, while others cut out certain foods (like meat) entirely. Some fasts last just a few hours; others go on for days.

Religious people often practice fasting during certain holy days, like Lent or Ramadan.

For example, Catholics fast on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday–the first two days after Easter Sunday–by abstaining from meat on Fridays throughout the year (in addition to other foods). Muslims fast during Ramadan each year; this period lasts for several days, depending on when Ramadan starts each year. 

Fasting in Religions

Fasting in Christianity

Fasting is considered a means of spiritual purification, a physical expression of mourning, preparation for prayer and penance, and a positive spiritual and mental attitude. In most Christian traditions, fasting is practised according to an individual’s specific timetable and is thus regarded as a form of asceticism. In some Christian traditions (most notably Roman Catholicism), certain weekdays are designated as fasting days.

Fasting in Christianity is most often associated with Lent, the forty days between Ash Wednesday and Easter. In the Catholic Church, it is also observed during Advent. However, fasting was not just for repentance or preparation for holy days—Christians, in general, frequently fasted to pray for strength, help and guidance in their daily lives.

fasting in religions - Christianity
fasting in religions - islam

Fasting in Islam

Fasting in Islam is abstaining from food and drink from dawn to sunset during Ramadan. Muslims must also refrain from sinful acts and thoughts (anger, hatred, envy, etc.) and unnecessary speech during this time.

Fasting is such an essential part of Islam that there are many different types of fasts observed by various sects of Islam throughout the year as well as during Ramadan.

Muslims may eat before dawn and after dusk but not during daylight hours. Traditionally, water may be consumed whenever one desires it, but one should avoid anything too stimulating, such as coffee or tea.

Fasting in Judaism

In Judaism, Yom Kippur is probably the best-known of all fasts because it involves no food or drink for 25 hours to repent past sins ).

Yom Kippur is a day of repentance, introspection, and atonement for sins.

Fasting in Buddhism

The theme of gaining knowledge through sacrifice can be found in Buddhism’s concept of fasting. Fasting in Buddhism is not done for religious purposes, but it is done for spiritual purposes. It is used to gain insight into oneself and learn about one’s true nature.

In Buddhism, fasting purges oneself of the poisons of desire and greed. On a practical level, a fast can also be a time to meditate. Fasting is part of a purification ritual before practising certain kinds of yoga.

Fasting is often viewed as an ascetic discipline or cleansing of the body and mind from impurities. Sometimes it’s viewed as an act to atone for sins or misdeeds.


Fasting is an ancient practice used by many religions throughout history.

People fast as a form of penance, self-purification, or to show reverence to a religious figure. It shows discipline and humility to obtain favour, or it’s simply part of the culture. Whatever the reason behind it, fasting is still commonly practised among many religions worldwide.

As with any practice or belief system, respecting and honouring these differences is essential.

Check out our blog post today to learn more about fasting in religions.

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